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synthetic wax
 
Hase Petroleum Wax Co.
800-218-4700
sales@hpwax.com

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Synthetic Wax

Synthetic waxes are primarily derived by polymerizing ethylene. Alpha olefins are chemically reactive because they contain a double bond which is on the first carbon. Our newest synthetic paraffins are hydro treated alpha olefins which removes the alpha olefins which removes the alpha double bond, making a high melt, narrow cut and hard paraffin wax.

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Synthetic Paraffins: Our two newest products are new to the industry as well. Two grades of alpha olefins have been hydro treated to remove the alpha double bond. The high-pressure hydrogen make a unique wax with a very narrow carbon distribution, a greater hardness for its melt point and a lower viscosity than a similar melt point wax.

Alpha Olefins

Our regular alpha olefins are very similar to straight chained paraffin wax except there is a double bond between the first and second carbon atoms in each chain. These are made by polymerizing ethylene. The reactions are controlled to make narrow cuts. Branching is very minimal. The starting material is two carboned ethylene so alpha olefins are composed of only carboned chains, i.e. C20, C22, C24 etc. Although they are narrow cut, the double bond causes they crystalline structure to not be as compacted as a paraffin wax.

Alpha Olefin Fractions C20-24

CHARACTERISTIC

METHOD

SPECIFICATION

Carbon Number, wt.% C18, max.

GLC

3.0

Carbon Number, wt.% %C20, min-max

GLC

20-60

Carbon Number, wt. % C22, min-max

GLC

20-60

Carbon Number, wt. % C24, min

GLC

10

Carbon Number, wt. % C26, max

GLC

1.0

Color, Saybolt, min

ASTM D156

+30

Appearance

ASTM D4176

Bright and Clear

 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

METHOD

TYPICAL VALUE

n-Alpha Olefin, wt %

GLC

89.3

Vinylidene, wt%

GLC

8.0

cis- and trans-2- Olefin, wt%

GLC

0.3

Paraffin, wt %

GLC

0.3

API Gravity, 60F/60F (15.6C/15.6C)

ASTM D287

43.0

Specific Gravity (Solid), 60F/60F (15.6C/15.6C)

ASTM D70 (Modified)

0.799

Specific Gravity (liquid), 160F/60F (71C/15.6C)

SM 350-4

0.770

Density, lb./gal., 60F (15.6C)

 

6.67

Melting Point, F(C )

ASTM D87

96 (35.6

Flash Point, PM, (C )

ASTM D93

362 (183)

Viscosity, 210F (99C)

   

Kinematic, cSt

ASTM D445

2.1

Saybolt, SUS

ASTM D2161

33

Penetration, 77F (25C)

ASTM D1321

150

Distillation, F ©

ASTM D1160/5mm

 

IBP

 

146 (63.3)

5%

 

358 (181.1)

95%

 

400 (204.4)

EP

 

410 (210.0)

Color, APHA

APHA

<5

 

wholesale beeswaxAlpha Olefin Fractions C24-28

CHARACTERISTIC

METHOD

SPECIFICATION

Carbon Number, wt. %<C22, max.

GLC

1.0

Carbon Number, wt. % C22, max

GLC

2.0

Carbon Number, wt. % C24-28 min

GLC

72

Carbon Number, wt. % C30+, max

GLC

28

Color, Saybolt, min

ASTM D156

+25

Appearance

ASTM D4176

Bright and Clear

 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

METHOD

TYPICAL VALUE

n-Alpha Olefin, wt %

NMR

50

Vinylidene, wt%

NMR

40

cis- and trans-2- Olefin, wt%

NMR

10

Paraffin, wt %

Calculated

0.8

API Gravity, 60F/60F (15.6C/15.6C)

ASTM D287

40.9

Specific Gravity (Solid), 60F/60F (15.6C/15.6C)

ASTM D70 (Modified)

0.819

Specific Gravity (Liquid), 160F/60F (71C/15.6C)

SM 350-4

0.78

Density, lb./gal., 60F (15.6C)

 

6.83

Congealing Point, F (C )

ASTM D938

126 (52.2)

Drop Melt Pint, F (C )

ASTM D127

154 (67.8)

Flash Point

ASTM D938

425 (218

Viscosity, 210F (99C)

   

Kinematic, cSt

ASTM D445

2.5

Saybolt, SUS

ASTM D2161

35

Penetration, 0.10 mm, 77F (25C)

ASTM D1321

95

Distillation, F ©

ASTM D1160/5mm

 

IBP

 

190 (87.8)

5%

 

436 (224.4)

95%

 

582 (305.6)

EP

 

608 (320.0)

   

Residue 3%

 

wholesale beeswaxAlpha Olefin Fractions C26-28

CHARACTERISTIC

METHOD

SPECIFICATION

Carbon Number, wt. %<C24, max.

GLC

3.0

Carbon Number, wt. % C26, min-max

GLC

50-65

Carbon Number, wt. % C28 min-max

GLC

30-42

Carbon Number, wt. % C30, max

GLC

6.0

Color, Saybolt, min.

ASTM D156

+30

Appearance

ASTM D4176

Bright and Clear

 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

METHOD

TYPICAL VALUE

n-Alpha Olefin, wt %

NMR

83

Vinylidene, wt%

NMR

15

cis- and trans-2- Olefin, wt%

NMR

2

Parafin, wt %

Calculated

0.2

API Gravity, 60F/60F (15.6C/15.6C)

ASTM D287

40.4

Specific Gravity (Solid), 60F/60F (15.6C/15.6C)

ASTM D287

0.823

Specific Gravity (liquid), 160F/60F (71C/15.6C)

SM 350-4

*

Density, lb./gal., 60F (15.6C)

 

6.84

Congealing Point, F (C )

ASTM D938

*

Drop Melt Pint, F (C )

ASTM D127

134 (56.7)

Flash Point

ASTM D93

*

Viscosity, 210F (99C)

   

Kinematic, cSt

ASTM D445

3.27

Saybolt, SUS

ASTM D2161

*

Penetration, 0.10 mm, 77F (25C)

ASTM D1321

63

Distillation, F ©

ASTM D1160/5mm

 

IBP

 

*

5%

 

*

95%

 

*

EP

 

*

* = Data Incomplete To-Date

 

wholesale beeswaxAlpha Olefin Fractions C30+

CHARACTERISTIC

METHOD

SPECIFICATION

Carbon Number, wt. %<C22, max.

GLC

0.1

Carbon Number, wt. % C22, max

GLC

1.0

Carbon Number, wt. % C24-28 max

GLC

14.0

Carbon Number, wt. % C30+, max

GLC

86.0

Color, Saybolt, min

ASTM D156

0

Vioscosity, Kinematic, cSt, 210F (99C), max

ASTM D445

10.0

Appearance

ASTM D4176

Bright and Clear

Drop Melt Point, F (C ), min.

ASTM D127

164 (73.3)

 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

METHOD

TYPICAL VALUE

n-Alpha Olefin, wt %

NMR

55

Vinylidene, wt%

NMR

40

Olefins, other than n-Alpha and Vinylidenes, wt. %

NMR

5

Paraffin, wt %

Calculated

0.6

API Gravity, 60F/60F (15.6C/15.6C)

ASTM D287

38.8

Specific Gravity (Solid), 60F/60F (15.6C/15.6C)

ASTM D70 (Modified)

0.836

Specific Gravity (liquid), 160F/60F (71C/15.6C)

SM 350-4

0.790

Density, lb./gal., 60F (15.6C)

 

6.95

Congealing Point, F (C )

ASTM D938

155 (68.3)

Flash Point

ASTM D93

485 (252)

Viscosity, 210F (99C)

ASTM D2161

52

Penetration, .10 mm

ASTM D1321

 

77F (25C)

 

13

100 F(37.8)

 

24

110 F (43.3)

 

34

Distillation, F ©

ASTM D1160/5mm

 

IBP

 

204 (95.6)

5%

 

461 (238.3)

95%

 

643 (339.4)

EP

 

693 (367.2)

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